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銑床結構的分類,銑床都有哪些種類

時間:2020-08-21 00:57 點擊次數:

銑床結構分類

(1)臺式銑床:小型的用于銑削儀器、儀表等小型零件的銑床。

(2)懸臂式銑床:銑頭裝在懸臂上的銑床,床身水平布置,懸臂通??裳卮采硪粋攘⒅鶎к壸鞔怪币苿?,銑頭沿懸臂導軌移動。

(3)滑枕式銑床:主軸裝在滑枕上的銑床,床身水平布置,滑枕可沿滑鞍導軌作橫向移動,滑鞍可沿立柱導軌作垂直移動。

(4)龍門式銑床:床身水平布置,其兩側的立柱和連接梁構成門架的銑床。銑頭裝在橫梁和立柱上,可沿其導軌移動。通常橫梁可沿立柱導軌垂向移動,工作臺可沿床身導軌縱向移動。用于大件加工。

(5)平面銑床:用于銑削平面和成型面的銑床,床身水平布置,通常工作臺沿床身導軌縱向移動,主軸可軸向移動。它結構簡單,生產效率高。

(6)仿形銑床:對工件進行仿形加工的銑床。一般用于加工復雜形狀工件。

(7)升降臺銑床:具有可沿床身導軌垂直移動的升降臺的銑床,通常安裝在升降臺上的工作臺和滑鞍可分別作縱向、橫向移動。

(8)搖臂銑床:搖臂裝在床身頂部,銑頭裝在搖臂一端,搖臂可在水平面內回轉和移動,銑頭能在搖臂的端面上回轉一定角度的銑床。

(9)床身式銑床:工作臺不能升降,可沿床身導軌作縱向移動,銑頭或立柱可作垂直移動的銑床。

(10)專用銑床:例如工具銑床:用于銑削工具模具的銑床,加工精度高,加工形狀復雜。

 

 

Classification of milling machine structure

(1) Table type milling machine: small milling machine used for milling small parts such as instruments and meters.

(2) Cantilever type milling machine: milling machine with milling head installed on cantilever. The bed is horizontally arranged. The cantilever can normally move vertically along the column guide rail on one side of the bed, and the milling head moves along the cantilever guide rail.

(3) Ram type milling machine: the milling machine with the main shaft installed on the ram. The bed is arranged horizontally. The ram can move horizontally along the saddle guide rail, and the saddle can move vertically along the column guide rail.

(4) Gantry type milling machine: the machine bed is horizontally arranged, and the columns and connecting beams on both sides constitute the gantry. The milling head is installed on the beam and column and can move along its guide rail. Generally, the beam can move vertically along the column guide rail, and the working table can move longitudinally along the bed guide rail. For large parts processing.

(5) Plane milling machine: it is used for milling plane and forming surface. The bed is arranged horizontally. Generally, the worktable moves longitudinally along the guide rail of the bed, and the spindle can move axially. It has simple structure and high production efficiency.

(6) Profiling milling machine: the milling machine for copying the workpiece. It is generally used to process complex shape workpieces.

(7) Lifting table milling machine: a milling machine with a lifting table that can move vertically along the bed guide rail. The worktable and sliding saddle installed on the lifting table can move longitudinally and horizontally respectively.

(8) Rocker milling machine: the rocker arm is installed on the top of the bed, and the milling head is installed at one end of the rocker arm. The rocker arm can rotate and move in the horizontal plane, and the milling head can rotate at a certain angle on the end face of the rocker arm.

(9) Bed type milling machine: the worktable can't move up and down, it can move longitudinally along the bed guide rail, and the milling head or column can move vertically.

(10) Special milling machine: such as tool milling machine: milling machine for milling tool mould, with high machining precision and complex processing shape.

 


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